Did you know that migraine is three times more common in women than in men? It’s a leading cause of disability in women worldwide.

“No other disease, communicable or non-communicable, is responsible for more years of lost healthy life in young women, notwithstanding that migraine causes no premature mortality,” a team of researchers wrote in The Journal of Headache and Pain.

To say the same thing in plain language: While migraine won’t kill you, it makes life really, really hard for women. 

Why do so many women have migraine?

Why does migraine affect women more often than men? The answer’s not fully understood, but the primary culprit is believed to be hormones — specifically, estrogen.

In the late luteal phase of the menstrual cycle (which occurs right before you get your period) both estrogen and progesterone decline. In women with migraine, the change in estrogen is accelerated. That decline is believed to trigger migraine attacks. “Some women seem to be more susceptible to this effect, some less, but we see this in the majority of women with migraine,”  Dr. Jelena Pavlović explained at the 2022 Migraine World Summit. Dr. Pavlović is an associate professor of neurology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and attending neurologist at the Montefiore Headache Center.

Migraine attacks may grow more frequent but less predictable in perimenopause, when hormones fluctuate. In menopause, which occurs, on average, at age 52, many women find that their migraine attacks decrease in frequency and severity. Other women, however, continue to struggle with migraine as they age. It’s frustrating, Dr. Pavlović said. “You know, by age 52, there’s been many years of migraine and a lot of suffering and just the frustration of failed treatment.”

Migraine treatment tips for women

Did you know that women also may feel more intense migraine symptoms, compared to men? “Women are more likely to experience longer and more intense migraine attacks, report more migraine-associated symptoms – including nausea, visual aura, blurred vision, photophobia, and phonophobia – and have higher levels of migraine-related disability (e.g., requiring bed rest with attacks, reduced productivity at school or work),” explains an article in Practical Pain Management.

The days lost to migraine pain are days you can never get back. If migraine pain is constricting your life, now’s the time to take action so you can live pain free!

  • Consult your doctor or a specialist, like a neurologist. Your doctor can help you develop a migraine treatment plan that may include medication and drug-free options, such as CEFALY.
  • Keep a migraine diary. With migraine, knowledge is power. The more you know about your personal triggers and migraine patterns, the more effective your treatment plan can be. Download the CeCe Migraine Management app to log migraine attacks; track triggers, symptoms and treatments; and generate reports on your unique migraine patterns.
  • Assemble your migraine toolkit. A migraine toolkit is a collection of migraine relief products you personally find to be helpful. It might include simple comforts, such as ice packs or a favorite pillow. It can also include migraine treatments, such as prescription medications and your CEFALY.
  • Build a migraine support network. Life is easier when you have migraine allies: people who understand what you’re dealing with, who support you and who can speak on your behalf.
  • Mentally reframe the battle. Living with menstrual migraine is debilitating and disheartening, because you know the pain will return again and again. Dr. Pavlović recommends adopting this mindset: “I have mastered [migraine] because I know when it’ll happen. And I have tried these different treatments, and I have found one that works for me during this time. And I am willing to take it and to proactively treat, rather than wait and be at the mercy of it.”

CEFALY is an FDA-cleared/CE marked, non-invasive medical device that works to treat and prevent migraine.

  • ACUTE, a 60-minute program for acute migraine relief, influences the trigeminal nerve to block pain signals from getting through.
  • PREVENT, a less intense program that’s used for 20 minutes each day, desensitizes the nerve over time to reduce your number of migraine days.

Because the experience of migraine can be so different from person to person, many women try different combinations of treatments until they find the one that works best for them. CEFALY is drug-free and has minimal, mild side effects, so it can be used in conjunction with other migraine remedies.

Don’t lose any more days to migraine.

Reclaim your life! Try CEFALY risk free for 90 days. If you’re not satisfied with the results, simply return the device and accessories for a refund. Read our return policy.

Ready to experience migraine relief with CEFALY?


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Reviewed by: Deena E. Kuruvilla, MD, a board-certified neurologist and the director of the Westport Headache Institute, where she employs a holistic biopsychosocial approach to diagnosis and treatment. She held clinical appointments at the Yale University School of Medicine prior to starting her own practice and has authored many articles, book chapters, and research publications.